DYSCALCULIA
Dyscalculia Flier
People with dyscalculia have trouble working with numbers and understanding mathematical based concepts. Experts say that dyscalculia is a common learning difference though it is commonly overlooked. Signs of dyscalculia can show up as early as preschool, but often goes unnoticed,or the signs may be ignored as it is assumed the person is just "bad at math."
Trouble Areas
 Seeing how numbers fit together

Counting

Calculating

Recalling math facts

Using concepts like "less than"

Using symbols like + or 

Telling left from right

Reading an analog clock

Working with dollars and coins
High School

Struggles to understand information on charts and graphs

Has trouble finding different approaches to the same math problem, such as adding the length and width of a rectangle and doubling the answer to solve for the perimeter, rather than adding all the sides

Struggles to learn and understand reasoning methods and multistep calculation procedures

Has trouble measuring items like ingredients in a simple recipe or liquids in a bottle

Lacks confidence in activities that require understanding speed, distance and directions, and may get lost easily

Has trouble apply math concepts to money, such as calculating exact change
Preschool Years

Has trouble learning to count

Struggles to connect a number to an object, such as knowing that "3" applies to groups of things like 3 cakes, 3 cars or 3 friends

Struggles to recognize patterns, like smallest to largest, tallest to shortest
Elementary School

Has difficulty learning and recalling basic number facts such as number bonds, i.e. 6 + 4 = 10

Still uses fingers to count instead of using more advanced strategies like mental math

Poor understanding of the signs +, , x, / or may confuse these mathematical symbols

Struggles to recognize that 3 + 5 is the same as 5 + 3 or may not be able to solve 3 + 26  26 without calculating

Has trouble with place value, often putting numbers in the wrong column

May not understand math language or be able to devise a plan to solve a math problem

Finds it difficult to understand math phrases like greater than or less than

Has trouble keeping score in sports or games

Has difficulty working out the total cost of items and can run out of money

May avoid situations that require understanding numbers, like playing games that involve math
Adults

Typical symptoms include:

Difficulty counting backwards

Difficulty remembering "basic" facts

Slow to perform calculations

Weak mental arithmetic skills

A poor sense of numbers and estimation

Difficulty in understanding place value

Addition is often the default operation

High levels of math anxiety
How to Help

Blocks, number lines, and other tools to visualize how to solve math problems

Extra time on tests and other tasks that involve math

Technology like calculators and math apps to help make math easier to navigate